2002

Kartus, Ebe, Donna Runner, and Susan Clarke. “Digitisation and Copyright Compliance for Course Materials and Library Reserve Materials at Deakin University.” Paper presented at the Your Time, Your Place, Your Off Campus Library Service Conference, Monash University, Caulfield Campus, Melbourne, Victoria, 4-5 February 2002.
A digitization effort employed by Deakin University Library has proven to be of great benefit to its distance and lifelong learners. This paper discusses issues involved with digitization and copyright compliance issues associated with producing electronic information resources made available to distance and lifelong learners at Deakin University. The authors discus the balance between print and e-reserves, the differences in course-pack content and electronic reserves and the copyright compliance issues that regulate fair access. Budgetary concerns, in terms of staff time, computer equipment were weighed to determine efficiency. The project was carried out in several phases, beginning with the digitization of class notes, exams, class presentations, and finally with the materials covered within copyright regulations. A respective project would complete the project. It was found that there was a significant financial savings in the digitization of electronic reserves, yet the main goal was to better serve the remote user with enhanced access. Relevant screenshots and bibliography are included. M. Thomas.

Seadle, Michael. “The Copyright-Distance Learning Disconnect.” Co-published simultaneously in Journal of Business & Finance Librarianship 7, no. 2/3 (2002): 19-29, and Library Services for Business Students in Distance Education: Issues and Trends, edited by Shari Buxbaum. New York: Haworth Press, 2002, 19-29.
Copyright legislation has not been revised to keep pace with technological innovation. As a result, faculty, students, publishers, and librarians often interpret existing law in ways that seem logical to their needs and circumstances. Michael Seadle, Digital Services and Copyright Librarian at Michigan State University, provides non-legalese explanations of copyright basics in the context of distance learning. Examples of how these basic principles may be reinterpreted by faculty, students, publishers, and administrators illustrate the disconnect that often occurs. Seadle stresses the need for copyright education programs, pointing out that the greatest challenge lies in getting the audience to listen. A. Prestamo.

Watkins, Judy and Tracy Bentley. “Copyright Made Interesting.” [United Kingdom] In Libraries Without Walls 4: The Delivery of Library Services to Distant Users, edited by Peter Brophy, Shelagh Fisher, and Zoë Clarke. London: Facet Publishing, 2002, 251-257.
Written by librarians at the British Library Copyright Office, this paper begins with a brief history of copyright law in Europe. Basic copyright principles are delineated, although the authors point out that laws vary considerably from one country to another at the present time. The remainder of the paper describes the European Parliament Directive that addresses copyright in the electronic environment. This directive should be incorporated into the laws of EU states by the end of 2002. The EU directive covers reproduction rights, distributions rights, rights for communication of copyrighted material to the public, and technological protection measures. The directive also contains a long list of exceptions, which may be optionally adopted by individual countries. The optional nature of these exceptions will likely hinder harmonization of copyright law among the EU member states. Further information on the status of EU copyright law is available at http://www.bl.uk/services/information/copyright.html (WEB LINK NO LONGER AVAILABLE 12/4/08). A. Prestamo.

2000

Lowe, Susan and Joyce Rumery. “Services to Distance Learners: Planning for E-Reserves and Copyright.” In The Ninth Off-Campus Library Services Conference Proceedings: Portland, Oregon, April 26 -28, 2000, compiled by P. Steven Thomas. Mount Pleasant, MI: Central Michigan University, 2000, 213-220. Reprinted in Journal of Library Administration 32, no. 1/2 (2001): 319-330.
The University of Maine System’s Off-Campus Library Services Office (OCLS) serves the information needs of distance learning students enrolled through the University of Maine System Network (UNET). The history, services, and scope of UNET and OCLS are described, with particular focus on development of E-Reserve and Copyright Task Forces to address policy issues inherent in provision of library resources to off-campus students. The Copyright Task Force was charged with developing a copyright policy and recommending guidelines for digital content supplied through the University of Maine System Libraries. The discussion outlines key questions that the Task Force considered, and summarizes the recommendations made by the Task Force. The authors point out that DMCA has not provided clear direction for copyright management, and that libraries continue to operate in an arena of some uncertainty. Librarians must monitor pending legislation and revise local policies as new legislation is adopted. (See additional information on the E-Reserve aspects of this paper in Chapter 5: Electronic Resources and Services: Electronic Reserves.) A. Prestamo.

1999

Lipinski, Tomas A. “An Argument for the Application of Copyright Law to Distance Education.” American Journal of Distance Education 13, no. 3 (1999): 7-21.
Application of copyright law to distance education, and particularly Web-based instruction and E-Reserve Systems, is the major focus of this article. It summarizes prepared testimony the author gave before the US Copyright Office’s Field Hearing on Promotion of Distance Education Through Digital Technologies, as required by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998. Arguments are presented that reproduction, display, and performance of copyrighted works in the distance education context can be harmonized with national policy, as well as existing and pending revisions to copyright law. Dangers inherent in licensing of digital content and services are discussed. The article concludes with recommendations for new legislation and fair use guidelines. The author is on the faculty of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee School of Information Studies, and holds a Ph.D. in Library & Information Science, as well as L.L.M., (Master of Laws) and J.D. (Juris Doctor) degrees. A. Prestamo.